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Hackingmantra is a pilgrim in providing network and CyberSecurity solutions. 

Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP)

Duration – 2month

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Introduction to PHP

  • History of PHP
  • Comparison with dynamic content alternatives (Perl, CGI, ASP, JSP, Servlets , CGI, etc)
  • PHP tools and set up (web browser/server, editor, libraries, etc)
  • Create a basic PHP Script
  • Taking user input (HTML forms)
  • Self Referring Forms
  • Selecting alternatives
  • Use PHP to generate HTTP headers
  • Pass PHP variables via the URL
  • Debugging Tips
  • Where to find PHP documentation

Taking User Input from Forms via PHP

  • Creating forms with PHP
  • Security Protection from Cross Site Scripting
  • Using the form GET method
  • Using the form POST method
  • Obtaining data from forms through variables
  • Using hidden fields
  • Secure Web Forms (HTTPS and SSL)
  • Calling pages from themselves using forms
  • Quoting HTML entities in user input

Variables and Expressions in PHP

  • Identifiers
  • Data Types (integers, floats, strings and booleans)
  • Type juggling
  • Text constants, interpolation (strings, arrays, objects), here documents
  • Creating Variables
  • Variable assignment
  • Variable Scope
  • Namespaces
  • User-defined Constants
  • String constants, variable interpolation into strings
  • HTTP environment variables
  • Magic Constants
  • Variable References

PHP Operators

  • Arithmetic Operators
  • Logical Operators
  • Relational (Comparison) Operators
  • The Identity Operator
  • Bitwise Operators
  • Error Suppression Operator
  • Execution Operators
  • Other Operators
  • Assignment Operators
  • Operator Precedence and Associativity

Conditional Tests and Events in PHP

  • True and False
  • If
  • Comparing Strings and Numbers
  • else and elseif
  • The ? : Operator
  • Comparing for equality or identity
  • The switch / case statement
  • Alternative Syntax for Control Structures

PHP Flow Control

  • Loops
  • while
  • do … while
  • for
  • break and continue
  • goto
  • exit

PHP Configuration

  • The php.ini file
  • Module Vs CGI Usage
  • register_globals
  • Control of error logging
  • Control of resource limits
  • Commonly set configurations
  • File system security
  • PHP4 compatibility in PHP5
  • A glance at upcoming PHP6

PHP Functions

  • Purpose of functions
  • Built-in functions
  • Declaring functions
  • Functions Arguments
  • Default Arguments
  • Arguments – Call by Reference
  • Return
  • Returning References
  • Variable Scope (global vs local)
  • Static variables
  • Recursion
  • include and require
  • Variable function calls

Storing Data in Arrays using PHP

  • What are arrays?
  • How and when to use arrays
  • Indexing arrays, numeric and hashes
  • Initialising arrays
  • Using foreach
  • Add/remove elements from arrays
  • One-dimensional arrays
  • Multi-dimensional arrays
  • References to array elements
  • Arrays in forms
  • Array operators
  • Array related functions

Handling Databases with PHP

  • PHP’s database APIs
  • Error-handling strategies
  • Connection/disconnection, log in/log out
  • Escaping strings in SQL statements
  • Including common access functions
  • Doing simple SQL queries via PHP
  • Building HTML tables using SQL Queries
  • Avoiding SQL Injection attacks
  • Access to: MySql, MySqli, Oracle & MS-SQL
  • Using PEAR DB
  • Using PHP Data Objects – PDO
  • An Insight to Smart Programming

String Manipulation in PHP

  • substring and [] operators
  • Case conversion, trimming
  • Formatting output data
  • Regular expressions

Sessions and Cookies in PHP

  • What is a session?
  • Dependencies on the php.ini file
  • Understanding PHP session variables
  • Create a PHP session variable
  • Register and modify PHP session variables
  • Putting PHP session IDs in pages
  • Good Practice with sessions and PHP
  • Cookie properties
  • Setting a cookie in PHP
  • Retrieving PHP cookies
  • Expiring/Deleting PHP cookies
  • Drawbacks to cookies
  • Using cookies well
  • Cookie Security Issues

File and Directory Access Using PHP

  • Opening files, local and remote
  • Reading and writing files
  • PHP portability on different Operating Systems
  • Finding file metadata
  • Handling file permissions
  • Handling file ownership
  • File locking
  • Opening and reading directories
  • File uploads from the browser/user

Other I/O Issues in PHP

  • Getting IP addresses from visitors
  • Getting referring URLs from visitors
  • Environment variables
  • Showing different content to different browsers (IE, Netscape, Firefox, Mozilla, Opera, etc)
  • Handling HTTP and MIME headers

Object Orientation in PHP

  • Object basics
  • Classes in PHP
  • PHP4 – constructors
  • PHP5 – constructors and destructors
  • Inheritance
  • Accessing instance data and functions
  • __sleep and __wakeup
  • __autoload
  • Class constants
  • PHP5 OO Additions
  • Objects: Assignments and References
  • Try throw catch Exception handling

PEAR, PECL and Smarty

  • PECL quick tour
  • APC – Alternative PHP Cache
  • Xdebug – debugging and profiling
  • PEAR installation and quick tour
  • PEAR Config
  • PEAR Log
  • PEAR Auth
  • PEAR HTML_Quickform
  • Smarty Templates
  • Smarty and HTML_Quickform
  • Smarty and Quickform help with security

Handling Email with PHP

  • Sending email
  • Sending multi part email – MIME
  • Accessing mail boxes – IMAP & POP

Graphics in PHP

  • Graphics basics, referencing a PHP scrip in an IMG tag
  • Image MIME type
  • Basic examples, line/box drawing
  • Creation from an existing image
  • Image copying and resizing
  • Drawing text on images